About Nepal

Geographic coordinates

28 00 N, 84 00 E


total: 147,181 sq km land: 143,181 sq km water: 4,000 sq km

Land boundaries

total: 2,926 km border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km


varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south


Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

Total renewable water resources

210.2 cu km (1999) Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): total: 10.18 cu km/yr (3%/1%/96%) per capita: 375 cu m/yr (2000)

Geography - note

landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders with China and India respectively


29,331,000 (2009 estimate)

Age structure

0-14 years: 38.3% (male 5,721,720/female 5,360,391) 15-64 years: 57.9% (male 8,597,037/female 8,134,115) 65 years and over: 3.8% (male 528,113/female 560,414) (2007 est.)


noun: Nepalese (singular and plural) adjective: Nepalese

Ethnic groups

Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)


Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census) note: only official Hindu state in the world

Agriculture - products

rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, jute, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat


tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production

Exports - commodities

carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods, grain

Imports - commodities

gold, machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer


103 Ethnic groups of people
2,000 Variesties of animals
903 Varieties of Mammals
853 Vartieties of Birds (out of which 400 varieties are just in Kathmandu Valley)
650 Varieties of Butterflies. Among this, 7 varieties are rarre and butterflies like Polymatas Nepalengis, Pranasysy Isdasties Whity, Potiasherpa Paranasys Hardwiki are found only in Manang and Mustang districts of Nepal.
171 Species of Fish.
150 Species of Special fish
84 Species of Reptiles
45 Species of Snakes
32 Varieties of Rhododendrons


Wild animals like Tiger, One-horned Rhino, Snow Leopard, Blue Sheep, Yak (mountain goat), Himalayan Marmot, Mouse Hare, Tahr, Musk Deer, Dolphins tc
World’s Largest Bee – Apris Laborisa
Rich and Varied Bio-diversity.


Lumbini – the sacred Birthplace Shakyamuni Lord Buddha,  Apostle of Peace
Kumari – Living Goddess
10 World Heritage Sites (out of 10, there are 7 WHS in Kathmadu valley alone).
More architectural wonder per square kilometers than anywhere else.
Plants varieties – Nepal has 600 varieties of plant families.
Nepal possess 2% of the world’s total plant families.
Nepal has 9 National Park and Wildlife Reserves.


Highest peak – Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, the highest peak in the world.
Deepest Gorge – Lying between Annapurna and Dhawalagiri mountains at 6,6967 meters
Highest Lake – Lake Tilicho at 4,919 meters
Highest Waterfall – At Suligadat at 3,613 meters
Highest Road – At Chhyachu Bhanjyag at 6,657 meters
Highest Paddy Field – in Jumla district, west Nepal at Chhyachu Bhanjyag at 2,850 meters
Rare Mushroom – Traffina Nepalensis mushroom is not found anywhere else except in Nepal.
Rare Bird – Extraordinary Bird Kandhe Vyakur (Spiny Babler) is found only in Nepal between 300 to 2,000 meters
Highest National Park – Sagarmatha National Park at Solukhumbu district lies at the elevation of 1,148 meters
Largest Rhododendron – Rhododendron (National Flower) is believed to blossom at Mangalbare of Ilam district, east Nepal measuring 1.8 meters at an elevation of 1,825 meters
Rare Animals – Ghauri Gai (Yak) and Snow Leopard are found in Nepal at 6,100 meters
Rare Insect – Insects like Astrogoster Nepalensis and Kalsnemis Nepalica are found only in Nepal.
Fish at the Highest Place – at Rara Lake at 3,353 meters, west Nepal.
Date : 10 March 2011


News and Events

Photo Gallery

Presentation of Letter of Credence Presentation of Letter of Credence
Presentation of the Letter of Credence to H.E. Mme. Irina Bokova, DG, UNESCO Presentation of the Letter of Credence to H.E. Mme. Irina Bokova, DG, UNESCO
Inauguration program of the International Women's Day Exhibition Inauguration program of the International Women's Day Exhibition
Interaction Program Interaction Program
Nepal Day Nepal Day

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